By Harry Gelber

ISBN-10: 3319305832

ISBN-13: 9783319305837

The ‘battle for Beijing’ is universally – and really wrongly – believed to were approximately opium. This e-book argues that it used to be approximately freedom to alternate, Britain’s calls for for diplomatic equality, and French calls for for non secular freedom in China. either international locations agreed that their armies, which many times prevailed over chinese language ones that have been numerically more suitable, could remain out of Beijing itself, yet have been infuriated through China’s imprisonment, torture and loss of life of British, French and Indian negotiators. even as, the British and French additionally helped the empire to conflict rebels and to pocket port and harbour dues. They instructed rigorously among their political and buying and selling calls for, and navigated the risk that undue rigidity might make China’s fragile executive and empire disintegrate. If it did, there will be nobody to make any type of contract with; a lot of East Asia will be in chaos and Russian strength might quickly expand.

Battle for Beijing, 1858–1860 offers clean insights into the explanations in the back of the activities and techniques of British gurus, either at domestic and in China, and the British and French army commanders. It is going opposed to the generally approved perspectives surrounding the Franco-British clash, featuring a daring new argument and perspective. 

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Battle for Beijing, 1858–1860: Franco-British Conflict in China by Harry Gelber


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